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Gonorrhoea

 
 

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What is it?
Gonorrhoea is a bacterial infection which can be found in the semen and vaginal fluids in men and women who are already infected with the infection.

Transmission route:
Gonorrhoea is usually passed on from one person to another during unprotected vaginal, anal and or oral sex.

The bacteria can live inside the cell of the cervix, the urethra, the rectum, throat and occasionally the eyes.

You can become infected with gonorrhoea if you come into contact with infected semen or infected discharge from the throat, rectum and vagina.

Gonorrhoea can also be passed on from pregnant women to her baby during childbirth. This can cause inflammation and discharge in the baby’s eyes, (conjunctivitis).

Signs and Symptoms:
Signs and symptoms can show up anything between 1-14 days or many months later.

About 10% of men and 50% women with gonorrhoea will not have any obvious signs or symptoms.

 

Men:

  • An unusual discharge, yellow, green or white from the tip of the penis.
  • Pain when passing urine

Women:

  • An unusual watery, yellow or green vaginal discharge
  • Pain when passing urine

Testing:
You can only be certain you have gonorrhoea if you have a test.

There are different ways in which to test for gonorrhoea, a doctor or a nurse may use a swab to collect a sample of cells from your urethra and / or if you have had anal or oral sex they may collect a swab of cells from your rectum and /or your throat.

Women may be offered a vaginal swab which will collect a sample of cells from the cervix.

Men are usually asked to provide a urine sample.

Treatments:
The treatment for gonorrhoea is a course of antibiotics, if taken correctly it is at least 95% effective.

Where to get tested:
Genitourinary Medicine (GUM) Services offer you free and confidential service for testing and treating of genital infections including gonorrhoea. You can find your local GUM or CaSH Services by typing in your postcode into the location finder
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